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Porcini, Winter Chanterelle and Herald of Winter – mushrooms in the forests of Rovaniemi

10/3/2018 1:15 PM

Rovaniemi has seen a plentiful growth of mushrooms, although the season seems to be comparatively short this year. 

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Mushrooms in a basket.

“This year in Rovaniemi you could have found lots of Gypsy mushrooms (kehnäsieni, Cortinarius caperatus). Also there have been plenty of Arched Woodwax (mustavahakas, Hygrophorus camarophyllus) and some people have found plenty of Porcini (herkkutatti, Boletus edulis and Boletus pinophilus)”, Piritta Marttila from Lapland Mushroom Society (Lapin Sieniseura) tells, adding that she had no information about missing any of mushroom species this year.

Marttila says that right now people can find late autumn species like Winter Chanterelle (suppilovahvero, Craterellus tubaeformis) and Herald of Winter (hallavahakas, Hygrophorus hypothejus).

She views that in certain places where there was moist even when the summer was dry the mushroom grew well. 

She, however, says that overall the mushroom season hasn’t been particularly high or low this year, although the season seems to be shorter.

“In my opinion the mushroom season this year was probably shorter than usual. Because of the dry summer mushroom season started late and now there’s already sub-zero temperatures,” said Marttila.

The mushroom-picking season in Lapland usually lasts from May to early October.

Pick only mushrooms you know

Experts have emphasised that it is important to know different mushrooms for avoiding the risk of poisoning as well as using them in a better way.

As Piritta Marttila says, “Mushrooms are for different use, some are edible and delicious while some are used for dyeing fabric or yarn.  Most mushroom species have no use for humans and some are either poisonous or deadly.”  

Pine mushroom, (or Japanese matsutake) is yet another delicacy that Finnish forests offer. It is highly valued among Japanese consumers as it gives the dishes an exquisite strong aroma. The mushroom usually grows on the roots of trees in Finland and other countries. It truly is a rare delicacy.

According to Japan Special Forest Production Promotion Association, Japanese have enjoyed eating Pine mushroom since ancient period. Various clay statues of different mushrooms including matsutake, were found in ruins from 13,500 years to about 3,000 years ago.

Marttila says if people want to make use of mushrooms, they must inspect them thoroughly one species at a time or preferably get an experienced mushroom picker to guide them.

Mushrooms forms a very crucial part of the ecological system, because it exists almost everywhere in the world. Mushrooms grow through a symbiotic relationship with trees and they decompose dead materials. They are a source of food for many animals and insects lay eggs in them.

Marttila says, that for example the Civil Science Project Sieniatlas is a good website to learn more about the distribution of mushrooms and their species. The study of mushrooms can be a great hobby as there are numerous varieties of mushrooms with different shapes and sizes all over Finland, which makes it an unending source of learning for interested individuals.

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Piritta Marttila from Lapland Mushroom Society (Lapin Sieniseura) is holding a big Porcini (männynherkkutatti, Boletus pinophilus).

 

 

 

City of Rovaniemi-Daily Finland Report